THE JUDICIAL POWER
The judicial power shall be vested in the courts established by law and shall be
exercised by the courts in accordance with the law and in the name of the Emperor.
Except in situations declared in conformity with the provisins of Artical 29 of the
present Constitution, no persons, except those in active military service, may be
subjected to trail by military courts.
There shall be a Supreme Imperial Court and such other courts as may be determined
The judges shall be inderpendent in conducting trials and giving judgement in
accordance with the law. In the administration of justice, they submit to no other
authority than that of the law.
The judges shall be appointed by the Emperor. They shall be of the highest character
and reputaion and shall be experienced and skilled in the law which they may be
called upon to apply. Their nomination, appoinment, promotion, removal, transfer
and retirement shall be determined by special law govrning the Judiciary.
Judges shall sit in public, except that in the cases which might endanger public order
or effect morals, they may sit in camera.